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How your Business Rates are worked out

Your annual business rates bill is calculated and collected by the Council

The rateable value of your premises is multiplied by the annual rate in the pound

The Council multiplies the rateable value of your property, which is set by the Valuation Office Agency, by a multiplier (the national non-domestic multiplier) which is set by central government. It is set for the whole of England and is effective from 1 April each year. The multiplier represents the number of pence in each pound of the rateable value that will be payable in business rates before any reliefs or discounts are applied. The calculation gives the amount of rates payable for the year.

The Government reviews the multiplier each year to reflect changes in inflation. By law, the multiplier cannot increase or decrease by more than the rate of inflation, except in the year of a revaluation. In that year it is set at a level which will keep the total amount raised in rates after the revaluation the same as before, plus inflation for that year. Revaluations generally take place every five years. The most recent revaluation took effect from 1 April 2017. The next revaluation will take effect in 2023.

The rateable value of a property is an assessment of the annual rent the property would rent for it it were available to let on the open market at a fixed valuation date. (This is known as the Antecedent Valuation Date or AVD).

  • Until 31 March 2017 rateable values were based on a valuation date of 1 April 2008.
  • From 1 April 2017 rateable values are based on the valuation date of 1 April 2015.

Since the introduction of Small Business Rate Relief there have been two multipliers for each year, the standard national Non-Domestic Multiplier and the Small Business Multiplier.

The multipliers from 2017 onwards are shown below

Non-Domestic Rate Multipliers
YearNon-Domestic MultiplierSmall Business Multiplier
2017/1847.9 pence46.6 pence
2018/1949.3 pence48.0 pence
2019/2050.4 pence49.1 pence
2020/2151.2 pence49.9 pence
2021/2251.2 pence49.9 pence
2022/2351.2 pence49.9 pence

 The rate in the pound has been frozen since 2020/21

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