Rudyard Kipling (1865 - 1936)
Kipling was an English writer and winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature. He is best known for his poems and stories set in India during the period of British imperial rule.
Rudyard Kipling was born in Bombay, India, on 30 December 1865. His father was an artist and teacher. In 1870, Kipling was taken back to England to stay with a foster family in Southsea and then to go to boarding school in Devon. In 1882, he returned to India and worked as a journalist, writing poetry and fiction in his spare time. Books such as 'Plain Tales from the Hills' (1888) gained success in England, and in 1889 Kipling went to live in London.
In 1892, Kipling married Caroline Balestier, the sister of an American friend, and the couple moved to Vermont in the United States, where her family lived. Their two daughters were born there and Kipling wrote 'The Jungle Book' (1894). In 1896, a quarrel with his wife's family prompted Kipling to move back to England and he settled with his own family in Sussex. His son John was born in 1897.
By now Kipling had become an immensely popular writer and poet for children and adults. His books included 'Stalky and Co.' (1899), 'Kim' (1901) and 'Puck of Pook's Hill' (1906). The 'Just So Stories' (1902) were originally written for his daughter Josephine, who died of pneumonia aged six.
Kipling turned down many honours in his lifetime, including a knighthood and the poet laureateship, but in 1907, he accepted the Nobel Prize for Literature, the first English author to be so honoured.
In 1902, Kipling bought a 17th century house called Bateman's in East Sussex where he lived for the rest of his life. He also travelled extensively, including repeated trips to South Africa in the winter months.
In 1915, his son, John, went missing in action while serving with the Irish Guards in the Battle of Loos during World War One. Kipling had great difficulty accepting his son's death - having played a major role in getting the chronically short-sighted John accepted for military service - and subsequently wrote an account of his regiment, 'The Irish Guards in the Great War'. He also joined the Imperial War Graves Commission and selected the biblical phrase inscribed on many British war memorials: 'Their Name Liveth For Evermore'.
Kipling died on 18 January 1936 and is buried at Westminster Abbey.
Adorned across the Westward Ho! promenade is the first verse of Rudyard Kipling's world renowned poem, 'If'. The poem was chosen by the local community as Kipling spent several of his childhood years at the aforementioned United Services College. The site was developed with Devon and Cornwall Surfacing, Quicksetts and SureSet collaborating to construct the surface seen today.
The poem was written by Kipling in 1895 and first published in 1910 in his collection of short stories and poetry entitled 'Rewards and Fairies'. It is written in the form of paternal advice towards his son, John, listing virtues that will transform his son into a man. How many of these virtues are still valid today?
Information provided from SureSet
Did you guess 'The Jungle Book?'
In the second novel Shere Khan meets an unpleasant demise, resembling that of Mufasa's death in The Lion King, when Mowgli devises a plan to stampede a herd of buffalo into two opposite ends of a ravine, crushing the trapped Shere Khan.
Inspirational words for Wimbledon participants
The extract above the entrance to the Centre Court waiting to greet those who will battle for one of the most recognised trophies in tennis are "If you can meet with triumph and disaster and treat those two impostors just the same."
A thank you to the Coastal Community Fund
As well as the resurfacing of the Promenade other enhancements have included new seating, litter bins, hand railings and lighting. The tarmac surface has been inset with granite to create an intricate weaving pattern that children have already been seen following as a winding trail while out walking